By Daniel B. Kessler, M.D.
Budgets are the biggest obstacles to getting appropriate services for kids with autism. The reality for school administrators is that resources are limited and available resources drive choices of the services that schools can offer. It’s not that schools want to do “bad” by kids, but with limited budgets in a down economy they are faced with taking money from one group of kids and spending it on another. Never is this an easy choice. On the other hand parents of kids with special needs want what the law and increasingly the courts say is the most appropriate service. Find out what is appropriate for your child and never take no for an answer.
All children are entitled to a “free and appropriate education” (FAPE). This requires a comprehensive evaluation in all areas of suspected disability. In addition, many school district personnel will tell you that autism is a medical diagnosis (that is true), so they cannot test for it (that isn’t exactly true). Autism is also an educational eligibility category (at least by kindergarten age) and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, which covers Arizona, has ruled that to not test for autism denies a student access to FAPE.
If the school district performs an evaluation that the parents disagree with or does not have sufficient resources to do the necessary evaluation, parents have the right to request an Independent Educational Evaluation (IEE) at public expense. If the school district provides you a list of evaluators to choose from, you have the right to pick another evaluator as long as that person has the appropriate credentials.
Parents are their kids’ best advocates and they are in the best position to be so. I can’t give you better advice than that provided by the Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities:
• Keep records (maintain an organized file of your child’s evaluations)
• Gather information (using reliable sources)
• Communicate effectively (adversarial stances are less effective, except when facing intractable professionals or administrators)
• Know your child’s strengths and interests and share them with educators
• Emphasize solutions (work together to identify ways to improve your child’s experience)
• Focus on the big picture (“don’t sweat the small stuff”) and
• Involve your child in decision making as early as you can and whenever possible (listen to the child).
Next: What medications are available to treat autism?
Daniel B. Kessler, M.D., is a developmental and behavioral pediatrician and medical director of the Children’s Developmental Center at Easter Seals Southwest Human Development. His private practice, where he provides evaluation and treatment for children and adolescents, is located at Southwest Human Development.
The views he expresses in this series are based on his training, his reading of the literature and his more than 30 years of experience taking care of hundreds of kids on the autism spectrum. The series begins here.